SIKKIM

ABOUT SIKKIM



ABOUT SIKKIM

MT-SK

Thebrother of the seven sisters, as they call it, Sikkim is a pleasant surprisefor any traveller looking for a comforting experience, and has a lot to offerto its guests. Located in the foothills of Himalayas, it is a state with variedlandscapes and has an enchanting environment complete with monasteries andtemples. A trip to Sikkim is like entering a new world of culture, heritage andadventure. Take a dip into the Yumthang Hot Spring, go caving in the NorthLha-ri-nying phu, trek the highest of peaks like Dzongri Top or just spend yourday sitting by the lake in the lap of nature. Away from the bustling city life,Sikkim is a celebration of nature. The mountains, the waterfalls and theforests together make this landlocked state a beautiful place to live and explore.Witness the majestic Buddha statue with Himalayas in the background inRavangla. Experience the thrill of biking from Gangtok to Rangpo, taste thelocal drink Tongba made from fermented millets or shop till you drop at MGRoad. You can literally do anything and everything in here. Sikkim is one suchplace where number of days will never matter; it will always surprise you andleave you awe-inspired with its beauty and culture.

 

Sikkim has been given manynames. The Lepchas, original inhabitants of the land called it Nye-mae-el`paradise'. The Limbus named it Su Khim or `new house' while to the Bhutias itwas Beymul Demazong `the hidden valley of rice'.

Today,travelers embarking on a journey of Sikkim discover a mystical wonderland ofspectacular natural beauty. The panoramic perfection of the snow-cappedHimalayas, the heady scent of flower-bedecked meadows, the vibrant culture andjoyous festivals, the infinite variety of its flora and fauna makes it aholiday that is at once fascinating and challenging.

The crowning glory of Sikkim is Mt. Khangchendzonga, the thirdhighest mountain in the world. With magnificent snow and ice scenery it isoften regarded as the undisputed monarch among the peaks of the world. But forthe Sikkimese Khangchendzonga is much more than a mountain and is revered asthe abode of their guardian deity Dzo-nga.

 

Eventoday the mountain god is invoked and prayed to during Pang Lhabsol, a majorSikkimese festival, which also commemorates the blood brotherhood sworn betweenthe Lepchas and the Bhutias at Kabi in the fifteenth century. The sacredmountain can be viewed from every corner of Sikkim and remains an intrinsicpart of the consciousness of the people. Sikkim shares its border with Nepal inthe west and Bhutan in the east, with the Tibetan plateau rising from itsnorthern border. It was once a Himalayan monarchy and part of the fabled SilkRoute to China. Its merger with India in 1975 has offered a window to the worldto discover the treasures of this hidden land.

Sikkim's tiny sizegeographically belies the profound diversity she offers. The state has thesteepest rise in altitude over the shortest distance and has within its 7,096sq. kms the entire climatic range, from tropical to temperate to alpine,bestowing on the land an intense natural heritage. Lush and thick forests,flush with blooms of exotic flora, hilly expanses embellished by Sikkim's twomain rivers, the Teesta and the Rangeet, the picturesque villages, hot springsand waterfalls have a compelling appeal.

 

TheThe mountain sides are dotted with many caves which areconsidered holy by the people and revered as places of pilgrimage. The 135 feettall statue of Guru Padmasambhava is situated at Samdruptse, South Sikkim.

 

Sikkim has much to offer all her visitors. From popular homestays where one can get a first-hand experience of rural Sikkim to endlesspossibilities for adventure sports. From ancient monasteries and flamboyantfestivals to all the amenities of the modern world. The State is naturallygifted having all sorts of destinations and circuits required for the tourists.Tourism in Sikkim has impressive varieties of Tourism Products, some of themare:

Organic, Green and Pollution Free State
Very rich Culture, traditions, heritage and strong commitment
Eco-tourism & Wildlife
Village Tourism
Adventure Tourism
Wellness, Health, Yoga, Herbal and medical tourism
Religious, culture, Heritage and pilgrimage Tourism
Conference Tourism and many more.

 

The mighty and majesticmountains, green valleys, wilderness & sense of adventure, delightfulcuisines, peaceful and crime free State, Hot spot of biodiversity and a mixtureof things that would make any place on the earth a delight to visit, has madeSikkim the hot destination for Tourism that it should be. Virtually unexplored,offers unique opportunities in almost all the major aspects of Tourism. TheState Government in the past years have given top priority and importance fordevelopment of enough and required infrastructure for the development oftourism in the State. Some of the important steps taken are:

 

Construction of good network of all-weather roads, A very goodnetwork of communication, internet, telephone etc., A good network oftransport- private anticipation Introduction of Helicopter services which isbeing further upgraded
Construction of network of Helipads, Pakyong Airport, A substantial enhancementin accommodation , hotels and Home stay. Approval by Government of India forRailway line. Double lane of existing NH-31A and construction of alternateNational Highway
For power and energy support, a network of Hydro Electric projects Developmentof required Human Resources for the sector. Safety and security Regulation ofTourism trade. A good network of travel agents, tour operators and otherservices providers
A well-established network of Tourists Reception-cum- Information Centers(TRICs) which are being further strengthened. Add to this the differentcommunities, each with their own distinctive festivals and traditions, thedances and the music; it has all the elements that go into making a holiday anunforgettable experience.

 

Sikkim is a land ofdramatic contours. Rugged mountains, deep valleys and dense forests consortwith raging rivers, lakes and waterfalls to create a visual feast. The statehas the steepest rise in altitude over the shortest distance and has within its7,096 sq. kms the entire climatic range, from tropical to temperate to alpine.

 

The mountain chains which run southwards from the main Himalayanrange form the natural boundaries of Sikkim; the Chola range dividing it fromTibet in the Northeast and Bhutan in the Southeast, the Singalila rangeseparating it from Nepal in the West with the Greater Himalayan range formingthe barrier between Sikkim and Tibet in the North. Located between thesetowering mountain ranges are passes like Nathu-la, Jelep-la, Cho-la and manyothers which were at one time important corridors of passage between Sikkim andTibet.

 

Floating high over the cloud-covered lower Himalaya, Mt.Khangchendzonga dominates the landscape of Sikkim. At 28, 208 ft is the thirdhighest mountain in the world and the highest in India.

 

Sikkimhas two main rivers, the Teesta and the Rangeet, both of which are formed athigh altitudes and flow in a generally southern direction till they converge atthe confluence near Melli. The source of the Teesta is the pristine Cho LhamuLake in North Sikkim. From here the river travels downwards to meet Zemu Chujust above Lachen village and the Lhachung Chu at Chungthang. At Mangan, theriver is joined by the Talung Chu as it continues its journey down, finallywidening at Singtam to become double its width. Further down at Melli, theTeesta merges with the river Rangeet which is born of the Rathong glacier inWest Sikkim before entering the plains of North Bengal and eventually joiningBrahmaputra in Bangladesh.  

 

Sikkim is a land ofdramatic contours. Rugged mountains, deep valleys and dense forests consortwith raging rivers, lakes and waterfalls to create a visual feast. The statehas the steepest rise in altitude over the shortest distance and has within its7,096 sq. kms the entire climatic range, from tropical to temperate to alpine.

Themountain chains which run southwards from the main Himalayan range form thenatural boundaries of Sikkim; the Chola range dividing it from Tibet in theNortheast and Bhutan in the Southeast, the Singalila range separating it fromNepal in the West with the Greater Himalayan range forming the barrier betweenSikkim and Tibet in the North.

 

Located between these towering mountain ranges are passes likeNathu-la, Jelep-la, Cho-la and many others which were at one time importantcorridors of passage between Sikkim and Tibet.

Floatinghigh over the cloud-covered lower Himalaya, Mt. Khangchendzonga dominates thelandscape of Sikkim. At 28, 208 ft is the third highest mountain in the worldand the highest in India.

 

        Sikkim has two mainrivers, the Teesta and the Rangeet, both of which are formed at high altitudesand flow in a generally southern direction till they converge at the confluencenear Melli. The source of the Teesta is the pristine Cho Lhamu Lake in NorthSikkim. From here the river travels downwards to meet Zemu Chu just aboveLachen village and the Lhachung Chu at Chungthang. At Mangan, the river isjoined by the Talung Chu as it continues its journey down, finally widening atSingtam to become double its width. Further down at Melli, the Teesta mergeswith the river Rangeet which is born of the Rathong glacier in West Sikkimbefore entering the plains of North Bengal and eventually joining Brahmaputrain Bangladesh.  

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